The Comparison of Quality of Life among Hem Dialysis and Peritoneal Dialysis Patients in Kerman
Majid Heidari Jamebozorgi1, Farzan Madadizade2, Asma Sabermahani*3
Received: 04.09. 2015 Revised: 11.08. 2015 Accepted: 11.11. 2015
1. PhD Student, School of Health Services Management, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.
2. PhD Student, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
3. Professor Assistant, Health Services Management Research Center, Institute for Futures Studies in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.
*Correspondence: Haftbagh Highway, School of Health Services Management, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Tel: 09133954558
Introduction: When severe kidney failure happens and kidneys do not work properly, alternative treatments such as transplantation and dialysis, including hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis can be done. This study is to help physicians and patients in choosing an appropriate therapeutic method in terms of the impact on quality of life comparing different dimensions of hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysispatients'quality of life.
Method: In this cross-sectional descriptive analytical study, 143 patients with hem dialysis and peritoneal dialysis have been studied in a hospital in Kerman at the second six months of 2011. In order to survey thepatients' quality of life and comparing it from various dimensions, the EQ5D quality of life questionnaire was used. Data analysis was done by SPSS software version 19, and also using descriptive statistics such as frequency tables, mean, and standard deviation statistics, chi-square and Mann-Whitney analysis.
Results: The average scores for quality of life in patients with hem dialysis and peritoneal dialysis were 0.61 vs. 0.69, respectively and the difference was meaningful. The highest average score in the hemodialysis patients quality of life was related to depression and anxiety (0.95) and in peritoneal dialysis patients was related to personal care (0.96). In this study, there were not any statistically significant relationships between any of the studied variables and the quality of life except age variable in two groups of patients.
Conclusion: This study revealed that peritoneal dialysis patients had higher quality of life particularly in the personal care and pain and had better life quality compared to hemodialysis patients.
Keywords: Quality of life, Hemodialysis, Peritoneal dialysis, EQ5D
Citation: Heidari Jamebozorgi M, Madadizade F, Sabermahani A. The Comparison of Quality of Life among Hem Dialysis and Peritoneal Dialysis Patients in Kerman. Journal of Health Based Research 2015 1(2): 95-104.