1. MSc Student in Community Health Education, Management and Leadership in Medical Education Research Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
2. Associate Professor, Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
Razi Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Haft Bagh Campus, Kerman, Iran
Background & Objectives: Potential occupational hazards in health center staff include needle head injuries, sharp objects (needlesticks), and exposure to patients' discharge. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of needlestick prevention training based on the health belief model on exposure behaviors in health personnel working in Zahedan hospitals.
Methods: The present study was a descriptive-analytical one conducted in Zahedan using an interventional design in 2019 on 166 health and medical personnel of four hospitals in two experimental and control groups. The samples were selected using simple random sampling. Data collection tools were health beliefs standard questionnaire and exposure behaviors questionnaire. To analyze the data, t-test and Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) were used. Data were entered into SPSS statistical software version 22.
Results: The results of this study showed that needlestick prevention training had a significant effect on the components of health belief model including perceived sensitivity, perceived severity, perceived benefits, perceived barriers, cue to action, and behavior as well as exposure behaviors.
Conclusion: It is necessary to train the health care staff by holding training courses on the required information concerning the prevention of injuries caused by the sinking of the tip objects.
Keywords: Training, Prevention, Needlestick, Health Belief Model, Exposure Behaviors
Citation: Shahraky F, Nouhi E. Evaluation of the Effect of Needlestick Prevention Training Based on Health Belief Model on Exposure Behaviors in Health Care Personnel Working in Zahedan Hospitals. Journal of Health Based Research 2020; 6(2): 185-95. [In Persian]