Effective Factors on Oral Health-Promoting Behaviors among Elementary School Students Based on BASNEF Model
Naseri Pour Takallo Zohreh1, Ahmadi Tabatabaei Seyed Vahid2, Zolala Farzaneh3,
1. Msc Student, Department of Health Education and Health Promotion, School of Public Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.
2. Assistant Professor, Research Center for Social Determinants of Health, Institute for Futures Studies in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.
3. Associate Professor , Research Center for Modeling in Health, Institute of Futures Studies in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
4. Assistant Professor, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Institute for Futures Studies in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
*Correspondence: Department of Health Education and Health Promotion, Health School, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Haft-Bagh Road , Kerman, Iran. Email: Mohabbat.Mohseni@gmail.com
Tel: 03431325098 Fax: 03431325094
Introduction: Oral diseases are the most common diseases in the world, and among them, tooth decay is the most common problem. The aim of this study was to determine the effective factors on oral health-promoting behaviors among elementary school students of Baft based on BASNEF Model in 2015.
Methods: This cross-sectional descriptive-analytical study was conducted on 200 elementary school students who were selected using multistage random sampling method. Data were collected using a researcher-made questionnaire including 62 questions consisted of two parts: demographic information and constructs of BASNEF model (attitude, subjective norms, behavioral intention, enabling factors, and behaviors). Data were analyzed using SPSS 16.
Results: Score of oral health-promoting behaviors in 74% of the students was moderate and in 20% of the students was good. Statistically significant relationship was observed between oral health-promoting behaviors of the students and class grades (P=0.004), mother's education (P=0.004), father's education (P=0.034), and father's occupation (P=0.007). Among the constructs of BASNEF model, enabling factors (β=0.511) and then behavioral intentions (β=0.426) were the strongest predicting factors of oral health behavior.
Conclusion: According to the obtained results, enabling factors were the most effective constructs of oral health-promoting behaviors; therefore, oral health promoters are recommended to focus on this issue.
Keywords: Health Promotion, Oral Health, Students, BASNEF Model
Citation: Naseri Pour Takallo Z, Ahmadi Tabatabaei SV, Zolala F, Mohseni M. Effective Factors on Oral Health-Promoting Behaviors among Elementary School Students Based on BASNEF Model. Journal of Health Based Research 2016; 2(3): 259-273.