The Impact of Organizational Reward on Employee Performance with Mediating Role of Motivation in Teaching Hospitals of Qazvin
Mohebbifar Rafat1, Bakhshian Mahmood2, Rafiei Sima3*
1. Associate Professor, Department of Health Management, School of Public Health, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran.
2. MSc, Department of Health Management, School of Public Health, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran
3. Assistant professor, Department of Health Management, School of Health, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran.
*Correspondence: School of Public Health, Qazvin University of Medical Education Babaei Street, Qazvin
Introduction: Human resources are the main sources of production and basic capital in every organization. Reward management is one of the effective approaches used by the organizations to attract and retain employees in their work place. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of organizational reward system on performance of administrative and support employee through increasing their motivation in teaching hospitals of Qazvin, 2015.
Methods: This cross-sectional descriptive-analytical study was conducted on 326 employees selected from three departments (administrative, support, and management) of 5 teaching hospitals of Qazvin in 2015. The questionnaires used in this study include demographic questionnaire (11 questions related to demographic characteristics), Waruni research questionnaire (8 questions related to organizational reward), Herzbergchr('39')s two-factor questionnaire (37 questions related to employee motivation), and Stephenchr('39')s research-based questionnaire (19 questions related to employee performance). Data were analyzed using SPSS 23 and LISREL 8.8. To test the study hypothesis, confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and structural equation modelling (SEM) were applied.
Results: Findings revealed that organizational reward (both extrinsic and intrinsic) had an influential effect on the employee motivation. Furthermore, either directly or with mediating role of motivation, organizational reward had a direct significant effect on employee performance (P≤0.05).
Conclusion: Identification and increasing motivating factors in employees, especially those who are under more work pressure, can significantly improve their performance.
Keywords: Motivation, Teaching Hospital, Organizational Reward, Performance
Citation: Mohebbifar R, Bakhshian M, Rafiei S. The Impact of Organizational Reward on Employee Performance with Mediating Role of Motivation in Teaching Hospitals of Qazvin. Journal of Health Based Research 2016; 2(3): 223-232.