Investigating the Causes and Consequences of Transporting Patients by Air Ambulance to Shiraz Hospitals
Moradian Mohammad Javad1*, Rastegarfar Behnaz2, Fooladband Farahnaz3, Tofighigi Zahra4, Rastegar Mohamad Raza5
1. Assistant Professor, Department of Health in Emergencies and Disasters, Faculty of Management and Medical Informatics, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
2. Ph.D. in Disaster and Emergency Health, Department of Disaster and Emergency Health, Faculty of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3. Quality Improvement Expert, Disaster and Emergency Medical Management Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
4. Expert in Crisis Operations Management Center, Disaster and Emergency Medical Management Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
5. Expert in Charge of Education and Research, Disaster and Emergency Medical Management Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
*Corresponding Author: Mohammad Javad Moradian
Address: Qasr al-Dasht Street, Shiraz, Iran
Tel: 00987136268370 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Background & Objectives: The fastest way to transport patients and the injured to hospital is to use air emergency services. Transporting patients by helicopter provides faster medical services to patients and reduces mortality and disability. This study was conducted to investigate the reasons for transporting patients by air ambulance to hospitals in Shiraz.
Methods: The present study was a descriptive cross-sectional one conducted in 2018. The cases of 107 patients transported by air ambulance in 102 missions out of 219694 from Fars emergency to Shiraz hospitals were investigated using the census method.
Results: From among all patients transported by air ambulance, 68% were male and 53% lived in urban areas of Fars province. Moreover, 43% of patients were aged between 30 and 60 years old and 99% were taken to hospital. Of these, 50.5% were in the ward, 29% underwent intensive care, 9% underwent surgery, and 4.7% died in the hospital. Accidents and trauma were the most common causes of requests for helicopter transport.
Conclusion: Continuous monitoring of the reasons for transporting patients by air ambulance is necessary to plan and make interventions, increase public awareness (especially among men) to self-health care and prevent incidents and diseases so as to reduce the number of critically ill patients.
Keywords: Emergency Type, Consequence of Transport, Air Emergency, Hospital
Citation: Moradian MJ, Rastegarfar B, Fooladband F, Tofighigi Z, Rastegar MR. Investigating the Causes and Consequences of Transporting Patients by Air Ambulance to Shiraz Hospitals. Journal of Health Based Research 2019; 5(3): 333-342. [In Persian]