An Investigation of the Relationship between Depression, Anxiety, and Somatization Disorder in Outpatients
Danaei Mina1, Garrusi Behshid2*, Zangiabadi Sedigheh3
1. Assistant Professor of Community and Family Medicine, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Institute of Futures Studies in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
2. Professor of Psychiatry, Neuroscience Research Center, Institute of Neuropharmacology, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
3. Medical Student, Modeling in Health Research Center, Institute of Futures Studies in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
*Corresponding Author: Behshid Garrusi
Address: Department of Community Medicine, Afzalipour Medical School, 22 Bahman Blvd., Kerman, Iran
Tel: 00983433257313 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Background & Objectives: Nowadays, many patients refer to outpatient clinics due to anxiety, depression, and somatization disorders. These disorders have catastrophic costs for the health care system. The present study examined the relationship between depression, anxiety, and somatization in outpatients.
Methods: This descriptive-analytical study was conducted in 2018 on 400 patients over 18 years old who referred to a selected clinic in Kerman and were selected using a convenience sampling method. Data were collected using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale as well as Physical Health Questionnaire. Logistic regression statistical tests were used to analyze the data. Data were entered into SPSS statistical software version 20.
Results: The results of this study indicated that 38.8% of outpatients had a somatization disorder, 73.5% had anxiety and 61.2% had depression. Depression was associated with an increased risk of somatization in such a way that a one-unit increase in the depression score increased the risk of somatization 1.12 times.
Conclusion: Training physicians to timely diagnose and treat mental disorders, especially depression has a significant impact on reducing the burden of physical and mental illnesses.
Keywords: Somatization Disorders, Depression, Anxiety, Outpatients, Clinic
Citation: Danaei M, Garrusi B, Zangiabadi S. An Investigation of the Relationship between Depression, Anxiety, and Somatization Disorder in Outpatients. Journal of Health Based Research 2020; 5(4): 383-93. [In Persian]