1. M.Sc. Student in Community Health Nursing, Department of Community Health, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
2. Lecturer, Department of Community Health, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
3. Lecturer, Department of Community Health, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
4. Lecturer, Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Ibn Sina St, Doctora Crossroad, Daneshgah St, Mashhad, Khorasan Razavi, Iran
Background & Objectives: Creating and developing health-promoting behaviors in middle-aged women has a potential impact on promoting their health and quality of life. Therefore, it is necessary to design appropriate educational interventions in this group. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of education based on health belief model on health-promotion behaviors in middle-aged women.
Methods: This descriptive-analytical study was performed as an intervention in 2019 on 64 middle-aged women referring to two comprehensive health services centers in Mashhad. Data collection tools were a standard questionnaire of health-promotion behaviors and a researcher-made questionnaire based on the health belief model that was completed before and after training in two intervention and control groups. Independent t-test, paired t-test and Mann-Whitney U test were used.
Results: Before the intervention, the two control and intervention groups were identical in terms of the mean overall score of health-promotion behaviors, however, one month after the intervention, the mean overall score of health-promotion behaviors and its dimensions in the intervention group was significantly higher than that in the control group.
Conclusion: Education based on the health belief model can improve health-promotion behaviors. Thus, it is necessary for health care providers in health centers to be trained on using models of behavior change.
Keywords: Health Belief Model, Health-Promotion Behaviors, Middle-Aged Women, Education
Citation: Fahimi Hesari F, Zendetalab H, Zare M, Behnam Vashani H. The Effect of Education Based on Health Belief Model on Health-Promotion Behaviors in Middle-Aged Women. Journal of Health Based Research 2020; 6(1): 83-98. [In Persian]