[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 1, Number 2 (autumn 2015 2015) ::
hbrj 2015, 1(2): 145-153 Back to browse issues page
Evaluation of Type and Frequency of Snacks Consumption in 3-6-Year-Old Children in Rabor and Baft Cities (2011)
molouk torabi , hamid reza poureslami, allahyar sajadi, marzieh karimi afshar, mehrnaz karimi afshar
Abstract:   (631 Views)

Evaluation of Type and Frequency of Snacks Consumption in 3-6-Year-Old Children in Rabor and Baft Cities (2011)

Torabi Molok1, PourEslami HamidReza2, Sajadi Alahyar3, Karimi Afshar Marziyeh4*,

 Karimi Afshar Mehrnaz3

Ÿ Received: 12. 08. 2015             Ÿ Revised: 26. 11. 2015              Ÿ Accepted: 14. 12. 2015

1. Associate Professor, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, School of Dentistry, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.

2. Professor, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.

3. Assistant Professor, Department of Orthodontics, School of Dentistry, Kerman University of Medical Science, Kerman, Iran.

4. Dentist, School of Dentistry, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.

*Correspondence: Kerman, Shafa St, School of Dentistry, Department of Orthodontics.

Tel: 03432119021        Fax: 03432118074                                                               Email: marzieh.afshar89@gmail.com

Abstract

Introduction: Dental caries is a multifactorial disease. Diet has a major role in prevention of oral diseases as well as dental caries. The aim of the study was to evaluate the frequency and type of snack consumption among 3-6 year-old-children in Rbor and Baft in 2011.

Method: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 240 kindergarten children aged 3-6 years old in Baft and Rabor cities through multiple stratified systematic sampling methods. Data were collected by a demographic questionnaire (sex, parents’ education and their job, and number of children) and 2 checklists consist of daily type and frequency of snack consumption in kindergarten and at home. Data were analyzed in SPSS version 20 software using T and &chi2 tests.

Results: In the present study, 125(52.1%) kids were boysand the rest were girls. 45.42% of snacks were cariogenic. The mean of weekly snack consumption by boys and girls were 45.68±18.98 and 46.05±18.10 respectively, and there were not any significant differences between them (P=0.879). The mean of snack consumption at home was meaningfully higher than that at kindergarten (P=0.000). Frequency of snack consumption in Rbor was higher than that in Baft, but the difference was not significant (P=0.493).There were not any meaningful statistical differences between fathers and mothers ‘educational level and the mean of weekly snack consumption (P=0.643 and P=0.762).

Conclusion: Based on the findings of the present study the mean of snack consumption at kindergartens in Baft and Rabor was high. However snacks provide a part of energy for children's growth, choosing healthy snack is necessary for dental health.

Key­words: Snack Consumption, 3-6 Years, Children, Baft, Rabor

Ÿ­Citation: Torabi M, PourEslami HR, Sajadi A, Karimi Afshar M, Karimi Afshar M. Evaluation of Type and Frequency of Snacks Consumption in 3-6-Year-Old Children in Rabor and Baft  Cities(2011)­. Journal of Health Based Research 2015 1(2): 145-153.

Keywords: Snack Consumption, 3-6 Years, Children, Baft, Rabor
Full-Text [PDF 721 kb]   (187 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or email:

Write the security code in the box >



XML   Persian Abstract   Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

torabi M, poureslami H R, sajadi A, karimi afshar M, karimi afshar M. Evaluation of Type and Frequency of Snacks Consumption in 3-6-Year-Old Children in Rabor and Baft Cities (2011). hbrj. 2015; 1 (2) :145-153
URL: http://hbrj.kmu.ac.ir/article-1-41-en.html
Volume 1, Number 2 (autumn 2015 2015) Back to browse issues page
نشریه پژوهش های سلامت محور Journal of Health Based Research
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.049 seconds with 798 queries by yektaweb 3465